• Radiation protection for medical specialists who use X-ray devices
  • -Click here for the Dutch version-


    We offer tiwce a year the certified course ‘Radiation Protection for Medical Specialists who use X-ray devices’.


    The next courses will start in November 2019. You can find the schedule at the bottom of this page. Do you want to participate? Please fill in this form and we will be in touch.


    Introduction: legal context

    Holders of a license with regards to the Nuclear Energy Act are obliged to inform employees that come into contact with sources of ionising radiation about the risks that are involved, as well as provide them with work instructions in writing.


    Within the complex license Randwyck, a variety of applications of sources of ionising radiation are carried out. Most notably, frequent use is made of X-rays as part of patient care and diagnostics as well as scientific research. The license holders, being azM/MUMC+, UM, MAASTRO clinic, BPCM and ZON-PTC, have decided to meet this legal obligation by compelling the employees who are exposed to X-rays, to participate in a certified course on the subject of radiation protection. Until February of 2018, this was the course ‘Radiation Protection level 4M’.


    Course ‘Radiation Protection for Medical Specialists who make use of X-ray equipment’

    A change in legislation has resulted in a new system of education and corresponding learning objectives. This implies that the course ‘Radiation Protection level 4M’ is being replaced by the course ‘Radiation Protection for Medical Specialists who make use of X-ray equipment’ (Dutch: ‘Stralingsbescherming voor Medisch Specialisten die gebruik maken van röntgenapparatuur’).


    This course, which is also certified by the Dutch government, will educate employees to the legally required level of expertise for medical specialists who make use of, or authorise the use of, X-ray equipment, depending on internal policy.


    During the course, the following subjects, among others, will be covered:

    • physical knowledge of the functioning of X-ray equipment and generated radiation;
    • knowledge of biological effects of radiation;
    • knowledge of relevant legislation and regulations;
    • possibilities of reducing dose and use of suitable diagnostic techniques;
    • required knowledge and skills to inform patients about the risks of exposure to ionising radiation.


    This should enable the medical specialist to apply and optimise the most suitable techniques for medical diagnosis, as well as communicate on the subject to patients, employees and colleagues.


    Target group within the complex license Randwyck

    As mentioned before, the target group for the course ‘Radiation Protection for Medical Specialists who make use of X-ray equipment’ consists mainly of medical specialists who independently perform actions using of X-ray emitting equipment, or authorise the performance of such actions. Most of them are involved in patient care and diagnostics within the Academic Hospital Maastricht (azM), or in scientific research within Maastricht University (UM).


    Contents of the course

    This course is based on the following core competences:

    1. The medical specialist performs his appropriately justified medical procedure in such a way, that the patient receives a radiation dose, which is as low as reasonably achievable (the ‘ALARA’ principle); furthermore, the medical specialist uses the image acquisition technique with suitable diagnostic image quality, appropriate within the clinical context;
    2. The medical specialist works with X-rays safely and in accordance with the ALARA principle, to prevent unnecessary exposure for himself, other present employees and possible support staff;
    3. Upon request or if necessary, the medical specialist roughly explains the radiation risks to the patient, his family or other people concerned; in addition, the medical specialist communicates with clinical physicists, medical imaging and irradiation experts (Dutch: Medisch Beeldvormings- en Bestralingsdeskundigen’ or ‘MBB’ers’), nurses/operating assistants and radiation protection experts about optimisation of radiation protection within the department; besides exposure of patients, exposure of employees and third parties is also taken into account, as well as legal restrictions; if necessary, the medical specialist does not hesitate to consult with experts (clinical physicist, radiologist).


    These learning objectives are achieved by a combination of theoretical and practical schooling. The course consists of 4 half-day sessions of theoretical lectures, 1 half-day session of practical assignment, and 1 half-day session of exam training. The course is concluded with an exam that consists of both multiple choice and open questions. A diploma is granted if both the exam is passed, and the practical assignment has successfully been followed. The course has been certified by the Dutch government and is acknowledged throughout the country.



    The course is organised by the Radiation Protection Unit Randwyck (Dutch: ‘Stralingsbeschermingseenheid’ or SBE), under the supervision of the Radiation Protection Expert (ACD) Randwyck. The latter is, on behalf of the Boards, responsible for the content of the course and for course compliance with the legal requirements.


    An independent exam committee has been appointed, which supervises the quality of the course material including the exam. This committee operates in compliance with the ‘Examination regulations of the certified courses radiation protection Randwyck’.


    The main language throughout the course will be Dutch.


    Course fee

    For participants from other companies or institutions, the course fee is to be determined.For employees of the institutions that participate in the complex license Randwyck, which are azM/MUMC+, UM, MAASTRO clinic, ZON-PTC and BPCM, the course is free of charge.


    For participants from other companies or institutions, the course fee is to be determined.



    Procedure regarding the organisation of examination

    Exam regulations


    Program November 2019

    FridayNovember 1509:00-12:30Oxfordgebouw level 1; room 4Lecture PhysicsDr. C. Jeukens, KF
    FridayNovember 1513:00-15:00Oxfordgebouw level 1; room 4Lecture Medical ImagingDr. U. Lalji, MD
    MondayNovember 1810:00-11:30Oxfordgebouw level 1; room 4Lecture Biological Effects of ionising radiationDhr. J. Buijsen, MD
    MondayNovember 1811:30-14:00Oxfordgebouw level 1; room 4Lecture Risks and LegislationMevr. A. Houben
    ThursdayNovember 2109:00-12:00MUMC+; niveau 3; balie RadiologiePractical assignmentMs M. Wierts-Vrieling
    ThursdayNovember 2113:00-17:00Oxfordgebouw level 1; room 4Training for examDr. C. Jeukens
    ThursdayNovember 2809:00-11:30Oxfordgebouw level 1; room 5Examt.b.d.
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